Traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture developed by local craftsmen
(Inder Singh Negi, Mountain Thinker)
Nagthat : Jaunsar Bawar is a small region in the state of Uttarakhand, India, that has a rich cultural heritage. The region is surrounded by the Himalayas and is home to a diverse flora and fauna. The traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture is influenced by the local culture, geography, and climate. It is a perfect example of how architecture can be functional, beautiful, and sustainable.
Have you ever wondered how a small community in the remote hills of India developed an architectural style that is not only unique but also sustainable? Let’s take a journey into the traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture and explore the fascinating features that make it stand out.
Jaunsar Bawar Architecture
The traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture has a rich history that dates back to the 16th century. The architecture of this region was influenced by the local culture and the need to adapt to the harsh climate of the Himalayas. The Jaunsari people used locally available materials like stone, wood, and mud to construct their homes and other buildings.
The traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture was developed by the local craftsmen who passed on their knowledge and skills to the next generation. The architecture of this region has evolved over time, but it still retains its unique identity and charm.
Features of Jaunsar Bawar Architecture
The traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture is characterized by several features that make it stand out. Here are some of the notable features of Jaunsar Bawar architecture:
- Sloping Roofs: The roofs of the buildings in Jaunsar Bawar are sloping to prevent the accumulation of snow during the winter season. The roofs are made of wood and covered with slate or stone tiles.
- Stone Walls: The walls of the buildings are made of locally available stones that are arranged in a particular pattern. The stones are held together with a mixture of mud, cow dung, and hay.
- Wooden Beams: The buildings have wooden beams that are used to support the structure. The beams are decorated with intricate carvings that depict local myths and legends.
- Courtyards: The buildings in Jaunsar Babar have a central courtyard that serves as a common area for the family. The courtyard is used for various activities like cooking, washing, and socializing.
- Decorative Elements: The buildings are decorated with intricate carvings, paintings, and sculptures. These decorative elements depict local myths and legends and add to the beauty of the architecture.
Sustainability of Jaunsar Bawar Architecture
The traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture is not only beautiful but also sustainable. The buildings are constructed using locally available materials, which reduces the carbon footprint. The use of stone walls and wooden beams provides excellent insulation, which helps to maintain a comfortable temperature inside the buildings.
The buildings in Jaunsar Bawar also have a rainwater harvesting system that collects rainwater and stores it for later use. The central courtyard also serves as a source of natural light and ventilation, reducing the need for artificial lighting and air conditioning.
The traditional style of Jaunsar Bawar architecture is a perfect example of how architecture can be functional, beautiful, and sustainable. The architecture of this region has evolved over time